Herbert Clark Hoover, (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964)
Resolution of the Council of the Capital City of Warsaw No. from November 1921.
American politician, U.S. President, Republican Party activist. The well-known humanitarian activist for many years helped Poland after it regained independence. He became famous as an organiser of aid to civilians during the First World War. Until July 1919 the American Relief Administration, led by him, provided food assistance for 10 million people, and after the war - only until 1920 - helped some 200 million victims of the hostilities.
Already by 1919, one of the streets of Warsaw had been given the name of Hoover Avenue. On the Christmas Eve of this year, Józef Piłsudski sent a telegram to Hoover, the Chairman of the American Relief Administration, thanking him for his help for Polish children.
For improving the health of Polish society, Jagiellonian University honoured Hoover with a medical doctor title. In 1921, honorary doctorates were given to him by Warsaw University and the University of Lviv. In 1922, a (now nonexistent) Monument of Gratitude to the United States of America chiselled by Xavier Dunikowski was unveiled in Warsaw next to the Adam Mickiewicz monument in Krakowskie Przedmieście to commemorate the achievements of the American Relief Administration. Today, this place is called Hoover Square. Hoover was an Honorary Citizen of Warsaw, an Honorary Member of the Red Cross and the Polish Paediatric Society, an Honorary Citizen of Lviv, and in 1922 an Honorary Citizen of the Republic of Poland. He is also a patron of two schools in Europe: the Complex of Upper-secondary Schools in Ruda Śląska and a school in Berlin. Even after World War II, he made a contribution as an administrator of American aid to countries in Europe.